Timers and build other entities

We provides a common API for building other entities in the networks, even if it is an virtual entity. All entities must inherit the qns.entity.entity.Entity class and implements the install and handle methods.

  • install takes the simulator as the input parameter. It can generate some initial events.

  • handle will be called by the events that influence the entity. It takes the event as the input parameter.

An example is the Timer virtual entity. It will generate a TimerEvent one-shot or periodically. By passing a trigger_func function, users can do anything one time or periodically during the simulator. For example, users can log the network status 10 times per second to monitor the network.

The source code of the timer is:

class Timer(Entity):
    def __init__(self, name: str, start_time: float, end_time: float = 0,
                step_time: float = 1, trigger_func=None):
            name: the timer's name
            start_time (float): the start time of the first event
            end_time (float): the time of the final trigger event.
                If `end_time` is 0, it will be trigger only once.
            step_time (float): the period of trigger events. Default value is 1 second.
            trigger_func: the function that will be triggered.
        self.start_time = start_time
        self.end_time = end_time
        self.step_time = step_time
        self.trigger_func = trigger_func

    def install(self, simulator: Simulator) -> None:

        if not self._is_installed:
            self._simulator = simulator

            time_list = []
            if self.end_time == 0:
                t = self.start_time
                while t <= self.end_time:
                    t += self.step_time

            for t in time_list:
                time = self._simulator.time(sec=t)
                event = TimerEvent(timer=self, t=time)
            self._is_installed = True

    def trigger(self):
        if self.trigger_func is not None:
            raise NotImplementedError

The timer will trigger triggler_func from start_time to end_time. If end_time is None, the timer will be triggered only one. Otherwise, it will trigger periodically depending on the step_time. The install function will calculate all trigger timer and generate related trigger event.

Here is an example of using Timer:

from qns.simulator.simulator import Simulator
from qns.entity.timer.timer import Timer

s = Simulator(0, 10, 1000)

# the trigger function is print the simulation time
def trigger_func():

# generate the timer and install it with the simulator
t1 = Timer("t1", 0, 10, 0.5, trigger_func)

# run the simulation